Calorie Restriction Prevents Peripheral Nerve Damage

Lifelong calorie restriction alleviates age-related oxidative damage in peripheral nerves. Opalach K1, Rangaraju S, Madorsky I, Leeuwenburgh C, Notterpek L. Rejuvenation Res. 2010 Feb;13(1):65-74.  Abstract Aging is associated with protein damage and imbalance in redox status in a variety of cells and tissues, yet little is known about the extent of age-related oxidative stress in the peripheral … Read more

Greater EMS Rate Causes Greater Blood Flow with Peripheral Artery Disease

Calf muscle stimulation with the Veinoplus device results in a significant increase in lower limb inflow without generating limb ischemia or pain in patients with peripheral artery disease. J Vasc Surg. 2013 Mar;57(3):714-9. Abraham P1, Mateus V, Bieuzen F, Ouedraogo N, Cisse F, Leftheriotis G. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Increase in arterial inflow to the lower limbs … Read more

Electric Stimulation and Peripheral Vascular Disease

Chronic muscle stimulation improves ischaemic muscle performance in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Eur J Vasc Surg. 1994 Jul;8(4):419-22. Tsang GM1, Green MA, Crow AJ, Smith FC, Beck S, Hudlicka O, Shearman CP. Abstract There is currently no established treatment for intermittent claudication with proven long term benefit. Exercise classes have been shown to improve … Read more

EMS Increases Circulation and Function with Severe PVD

The influence of electrostimulation on the circulation of the remaining leg in patients with one-sided amputation. Angiology. 2002 May-Jun;53(3):329-35. Presern-Strukelj M1, Poredos P. Abstract The aim of the authors’ study was to investigate, in patients with one leg amputated, the influence of electrostimulation on the arterial circulation of the other lower limb and on the ability of … Read more

Electric Stimulation Increases Capillary Number and Oxygenation in Peripheral Vascular Disease

Noninvasive augmentation of microvessel number in patients with peripheral vascular disease. J Vasc Surg. 2003 Dec;38(6):1309-12. Clover AJ, McCarthy MJ, Hodgkinson K, Bell PR, Brindle NP. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic angiogenesis has great potential for the treatment of ischemic diseases. One possible route for noninvasive induction of microvessels has recently been suggested by the finding that … Read more

Electric Stimulation for Intermittent Claudication

Chronic transcutaneous electrical stimulation of calf muscles improves functional capacity without inducing systemic inflammation in claudicants. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2004 Feb;27(2):201-9. Anderson SI, Whatling P, Hudlicka O, Gosling P, Simms M, Brown MD. Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess whether electrical stimulation of ischaemic calf muscles in claudicants causes a systemic inflammatory response and to … Read more

Low-Intensity Pain-Free Treadmill Exercise for Intermittent Claudication

Benefits of low-intensity pain-free treadmill exercise on functional capacity of individuals presenting with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease.  Angiology. 2009 Aug-Sep;60(4):477-86. Barak S, Stopka CB, Archer Martinez C, Carmeli E. Abstract Patients with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease (PAD) experience muscle aching during walking secondary to ischemia.  The purpose of this … Read more

Intermittent Claudication and the Importance of Supervision

The Effect of Supervision on Walking Distance in Patients with Intermittent Claudication: A Meta-analysis. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2014 Jun 10. pii: S1078-5884(14)00206-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2014.04.019. [Epub ahead of print]  Gommans LN, Saarloos R, Scheltinga MR, Houterman S, de Bie RA, Fokkenrood HJ, Teijink JA. Abstract BACKGROUND: A number of reviews have reported the influence of … Read more

Strength Training and Intermittent Claudication

Strength training increases walking tolerance in intermittent claudication patients: randomized trial. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Jan;51(1):89-95.  Ritti-Dias RM, Wolosker N, de Moraes Forjaz CL, Carvalho CR, Cucato GG, Leão PP, de Fátima Nunes Marucci M. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of strength training (ST) in walking capacity in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) compared … Read more

Intermittent Claudication: More Workouts Equals More Improvement

High-intensity interval training for intermittent claudication in a vascular rehabilitation program. J Vasc Nurs. 2006 Jun;24(2):46-9. Adams J, Ogola G, Stafford P, Koutras P, Hartman J. Abstract: This article reports an observational study investigating the safety and effectiveness of a high-intensity interval exercise program for patients with peripheral arterial disease. Patients were asked to walk … Read more

Supervised Treadmill Walking, Calf Muscle Capillarization and Walking Distance

Effects of supervised treadmill walking training on calf muscle capillarization in patients with intermittent claudication. Angiology. 2009 Feb-Mar;60(1):36-41. Wang J, Zhou S, Bronks R, Graham J, Myers S. Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supervised treadmill walking training on the calf muscle capillarization in patients with intermittent claudication. The … Read more

Intervals with Active Rest for Intermittent Claudication

New rehabilitation program for intermittent claudication: Interval training with active recovery: pilot study. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2011 Jul;54(5):275-81. Villemur B, Marquer A, Gailledrat E, Benetreau C, Bucci B, Evra V, Rabeau V, De Angelis MP, Bouchet JY, Carpentier P, Pérennou D. Abstract BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the complications of atherosclerosis. … Read more

Exercise for Intermittent Claudication

Exercise for intermittent claudication. Physical Therapy. 2011 Jul;91(7):997-1002 Brunelle CL, Mulgrew JA. My Comments This was short review paper but I liked it because it gave consensus recommendations from both the TASC II (Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Document on Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease) as well as the program from the American Heart Association.  The TASC … Read more

Physical Therapy for Peripheral Artery Disease and Intermittent Claudication

Functional impairment in peripheral artery disease and how to improve it in 2013. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2013 Apr;15(4):347. McDermott MM. Abstract Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 8 million men and women in the United States and will be increasingly common as the U.S. population lives longer with chronic disease. People with PAD have … Read more